is mild inflammation of the gums caused by plaque build-up. Gums may bleed upon probing. An anti-microbial mouth rinse may be prescribed.
If left untreated, the gum infection damages the bone and supporting tissues. Your gum separates
from the tooth and the bone level deteriorates.
Your gums recede farther and separate. Pus may develop; bone loss continues, and your teeth may loosen or fall out.
Your dentist will examine you for periodontal disease during each routine checkup. A periodontal
probe will be used to determine if there is any breakdown in the gum tissue and attachment or if pockets have developed between your gums and teeth. Treatment will depend upon the type of
periodontal disease and how far the condition has progressed. Treatment options include:
Scaling, which cleans the teeth to remove tartar deposits above and below the gumline.
Root Planing smooths the rough root surfaces, as well as removing tartar deposits below the
gumline. Local anaesthesia may be used for your comfort.
Oral Irrigation directs anti-microbial (anti-plaque) liquid below the gumline to flush out and kill
germs to allow the regeneration of healthy tissue.
If deep pockets are found and bone has been destroyed, your dentist may recommend periodontal surgery.
A proper program of brushing, flossing and regular professional cleaning will help fight plaque
accumulation and gum disease, and help you keep your teeth for a lifetime.